Dr. Rupa Sreedhar
Professor Senior Grade
Phone :

Post Doctoral Course in Cardiothoracic Vascular and Neurosurgical Anesthesiology at SCTIMST (1/1/1987 to 31/1/1987)

Diplomate of the National Board (DNBE Anesthesiology), National board of examinations (1987)

MD (Anesthesiology), University of Kerala , Medical College, Trivandrum (1984 to 1986)

DA (Anesthesiology), University of Kerala, Medical College, Trivandrum (1982 to 1983)

MBBS, University of Kerala, Medical College, Trivandrum (1974 to 1979), Rotating Internship in Medical College Trivandrum in 1980

Served as Faculty in SCTIMST from 15th January 1988 to August 2020 and continuing to serve (presently as Senior grade Professor) - a total period of 32.5 years

Professor of Anesthesia, SCTIMST. Period: 16/1/2003 to 15/1/2018 for 15 years

Senior Grade Professor of Anaesthesia, SCTIMST: Period: 16/1/2018 onwards (continuing)

Additional Professor of Anesthesia, SCTIMST. Period: 16/1/2003 to 15/1/2018

Associate Professor of Anesthesia, SCTIMST. Period: 16/1/2003 to 15/1/2018

Assistant Professor of Anesthesia, SCTIMST. Period: 16/1/2003 to 15/1/2018

Research Officer of Indian Council of Medical Research, Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala. Period: Year 1981

Tutor Faculty, Anaesthesiology, Trivandrum Medical College. Period of 2 years (starting from second year of MD course)

Member of Academic committee of STIMSON (16/7/2008 to 2014)

Chairman of Technical Advisory Committee for Hospital based Research Projects from 3/10/2015 to 14/6/2019,

Chairperson of the Complaints Committee for Redressal of Complaints of Sexual Harassment of Working Women (17/7/2008 to 20/1/2014).

Served as Faculty in November 2015 during an International Workshop on Ultrasound in Critical Care organized at Khoula Hospital, under Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman in Muscat.

Dr Kop's award in December 1999 for the best scientific paper presented at the annual conference of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists (ISA) in the specialty section.

Doctor (Mrs) Rugmani Pandit award-ISA-2000 for the paper (First author) titled, 'Lumbar puncture can precipitate bleed from unsuspected intracranial aneurysm'. This paper has been published in the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 2002; 46 (5): 386-390 .

Doctor Y. G. Bhojraj award-ISA-2000 for the review article (First author) titled, 'Recent strategies for oxygenation and ventilation'. The article was published in the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 2001.

Doctor Y. G. Bhojraj award-ISA-2002 for the review article (First author) titled 'Pharmacological Neuroprotection'. This article was published in the Indian journal of Anaesthesia, 2003: 47 (1): 8-22.

Award for the best poster presentation in the 51st National Conference of ISA in 2011 held at Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, India. The poster was titled, 'Dilated non-reacting pupils need not indicate brain death in haemorrhagic shock'.

Doctor Kop's Award ISA-2016 for the Best scientific paper (First author) presented in specialty section of Cardiac Anaesthesia- titled, Double-Envelope Continuous-wave Doppler Flow Profile Across a Tilting-Disc Mitral Prosthesis: Intraoperative Significance.

My students have received 8 awards (mentored and co-authored)

Interest in administration activities developed while serving as Head of the Department of Anaesthesia, SCTIMST (1/7/2015 to 31/12/2019) and Program-In-Charge of Cardiac Anaesthesia, SCTIMST (1/8/2010 to 31/12/2019),

Cardiothoracic -Vascular Anesthesia and Peri-operative Intensive Care.

Teaching: Academic Program Head of DM and Post-Doctoral Certificate Course Programs in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anaesthesia (1/8/2010 to 31/12/2019)

Chronic Pain Management : Principal Investigator of a Multidisciplinary In-House Pain Clinic Project

Transesophageal echocardiography, Clinical research, Medical Ethics

Serves as Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre External member of Internal Complaints Committee for redressal of complaints relating to sexual harassment of women at work place.

Serves as external member in the Technical Selection Committee for the selection of equipments in Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram.

Teacher for Transfusion Reaction Vigilance (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India).

Rotating Program in-charge of the Adult and Pediatric Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anaesthesia Operation Theatres and Intensive Care Units.

In Charge of In House Pain Clinic Project

Product patent filed on 23-10-2019 (Reference number IPHOW148.Y19) Title: Biologic fluid component separator and concentrate segregate system marker with closed adapter mechanism. Nature of contribution: Clinical inputs for the functionality of plunger head functional changes

Clinical Observer, Royal Victoria Infirmary, United Kingdom.

Life member of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists.

Life member of Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists.

Life member of Research Society of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology.

Life member of Indian Society of Neuroanesthesiology and Critical Care .

Life member of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine.

Life member of Indian Medical Association.

Life member of Society of Transesophageal Echocardiography (STE)

Multicenter study on Chitra Heart valve prosthesis involving SCTIMST, AIIMS, New Delhi and PGIMER, Chandigarh.

Comparison of hemodynamic parameters measured by thoracic electrical bioreactance and transesophageal echocardiography in adult cardiac surgery patients.

Comparison of different techniques for estimation of left ventricular volumes using intraoperative RT-3D-TEE- A prospective observational study.

A study of incidence and risk factors for new onset postoperative atrial fibrillation among adult patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

Comparison of efficacy of ultrasound guided bilateral erector spinae block and pectoralis nerve 2 block in pediatric cardiac surgical patients undergoing median sternotomy.

Systemic oxygen delivery during cardio-pulmonary bypass as a risk factor for prediction of cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury.

Comparison of ultrasound guided supraclavicular and axillary approaches to brachial plexus block for arm vascular surgery-A prospective, randomized, single blind, controlled trial

Monitoring pulmonary arterial pressure via transthoracic pulmonary arterial catheters in pediatric cardiac surgical patients: A single center experience

Monitoring left atrial pressure via transthoracic route in pediatric cardiac surgical patients: A single center experience

Effect of delayed sternal closure on the respiratory system and cardiovascular system in pediatric patients after cardiac surgery

Comparison of Long axis view, Short axis view & Oblique view approach for ultra-sound guided Internal Jugular Vein cannulation

Combined conventional & modified ultrafiltration in pediatric cardiac surgery: our experience

Perioperative challenges in adult TOF

Anesthesia and perioperative care for hybrid repair of aortic arch pathologies: our experience

Surgery in patients with aberrant subclavian artery: Anesthesia perspective

Ventilatory strategies to optimize Qp:Qs after BT shunt in infants with univentricular physiology: our experience

Anesthesia and perioperative management of surgery for aortic coarctation in adults: our experience

Our experience of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery: Anesthesia perspective and perioperative care

Surgical sympathectomy for recurrent ventricular arrhythmias refractory to medical management- our experience

Anesthesia and perioperative care for Warden repair in children with atrial septal defect: our experience

Anesthesia and perioperative care for thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis: our 10 year experience

Surgery for left atrial myxoma: our 12 year experience of anesthesia and perioperative care

Comparative Efficacy Of Epidural Steroid Injections And Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection In Patients With Lumbosacral Radiculopathy - A Retrospective Data Analysis.

Surgery for aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva in adults: Our experience of Anaesthesia and perioperative care

Tertiary Referral Centre - SCTIMST: Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Additional Professor and presently, Senior Grade Professor

State Medical College (Trivandrum, Kerala) - Tutor faculty

Indian Council for Medical Research - Research Officer

Ventilatory Strategies To Optimize Qp:Qs After Blalock Taussig Shunt In Infants With Univentricular Physiology: Our Experience In The Last 15 Months; Prospective, randomized, controlled trial on the efficacy of ultrasound guided bilateral thoracic paravertebral nerve block in reducing the hemodynamic and stress response in children undergoing cardiac surgery

Myocardial performance index (MPI) is better than ejection fraction (EF) or fractional area change (FAC) as a predictor of postoperative adverse cardiac events; Diagnostic value of bedside lung ultrasound as compared to bedside chest x-ray for the detection of postoperative lung conditions/complications in the adult cardiothoracic-vascular intensive care unit

Intraoperative hemodynamic performance and echocardiographic characteristics evaluation of Chitra heart valve prosthesis in the mitral position using transesophageal echocardiography; COMPARISON OF EFFICACY OF ULTRASOUND GUIDED BILATERAL ERECTOR SPINAE BLOCK AND PECTORALIS NERVE 2 BLOCK IN PEDIATRIC CARDIAC SURGERIES VIA MEDIAN STERNOTOMY

Intraoperative hemodynamic performance and echocardiographic characteristics evaluation of Chitra heart valve prosthesis in the aortic position using transesophageal echocardiography.

Effect of left stellate ganglion block on left internal mammary blood flow and post-bypass radio-femoral pressure difference in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery; Comparison of Bedside Chest Ultrasound with Bedside Chest Radiography in Post Operative Pediatric Cardiac Surgical patients at Pediatric Cardio-Thoracic Intensive Care Unit

Comparison of 3 different methods of radial artery cannulation -A prospective randomized study; Effect of three different isoflurane concentrations on left heart function using longitudinal strain as measured by speckle tracking as well as conventional Transesophageal echocardiographic parameters in cardiac surgical patients.

Teaching to improve academic potential and giving confidence to the DM Cardiac Anaesthesia students (2004 to 2020), DM Neuroanaesthesia students (2004-2010), Post-doctoral Certificate Course (PDCC)students (1988 to 2020), and several batches of students pursuing Diploma in Anaesthesia and Operation Theatre Course.Diploma in Anaesthesia and Operation Theatre Technology students.

Training in hands-on procedures to improve psycho-motor domain of DM and PDCC student doctors.

Guided severalobserver students and consultants from other institutions (1988 to 2020).

Serving a major role as the Primary Investigator in the establishment and running of the Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Pain Clinic which has been serving patients with chronic pain since April 2012 onwards.

Head of the Department of Anaesthesia, SCTIMST (1/7/2015 to 31/12/2019)

Program-In-Charge of Cardiac Anaesthesia, SCTIMST (1/8/2010 to 31/12/2019)

Academic Program Head of DM and Post-Doctoral Certificate Course Programs in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anaesthesia (1/8/2010 to 31/12/2019), conducted Entrance Examinations, In House Course Examinations, and Exit Examinations during this period.

National Board of Examinations - has been as examiner for Fellow of National Board in Cardiac Anaesthesia (for Exams conducted in NIZAMS Hyderabad, PGIMER Chandigarh, Narayana Hrudayalaya Bengaluru)

Examiner for DM Cardiac Anaesthesia in All India Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology

Examiner for DM Cardiac Anaesthesia in PGIMER, Chandigarh

Extramural funded project: Co-principal investigator of a multi-disciplinary hospital-based team Project title: Comprehensive and novel integrated model for health care solutions on chronic musculoskeletal non-malignant geriatric pain conditions and disability in India.

Intramural funded project (Rs 3.5 lakh): Intraoperative quantification of left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction by RT-3D-TEE: Comparison with cardiac magnetic imaging

Project title: Comprehensive and novel integrated model for health care solutions on chronic musculoskeletal non-malignant geriatric pain conditions and disability in India. Role: Co -PI, Received approval from IEC: SCT/IEC/1385/June-2019, dated 20-6-2019

Previous President of Indian Society of Anaesthesia (ISA) Trivandrum, organised several City Branch Meetings of ISA during my tenure as President.

Member of Academic Committee of the Institute from 16/7/2008 to 2014.

Chairperson of the Complaints Committee for Redressal of Complaints of Sexual Harassment of Working Women from 17/7/2008 to 20/1/2014.

Chairman of Technical Advisory Committee for Hospital based Research Projects from 3/10/2015 to 14/6/2019.

Member of Complaints Committee for Redressal of Complaints of Sexual Harassment of Working Women from 2005 to 2008.

Member of the Purchase Committee of SCTIMST from 2004 to 2018

Member of the Departmental Promotion Committee.

Member of the Hospital Transfusion Committee

Member of Senior Staff Selection Committee

Institutional Member of the Forum for Ethics Review Committees in India (FERCI), which is a professional body of Ethics Committees in India.

Primary Investigator and team member of mutidisciplinary Pain Clinic

A team member of interdisciplinary group for adult heart transplant program

A team member of the Heart Failure Program of SCTIMST

Editorial Board Member of Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography

Presentations made by me in National Conferences as first author- 56 : 1) FOREIGN BODY IN ASCENDING AORTA 2) PERIOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN A SERIES OF PATIENTS WITH VALVULAR HEART DISEASE UNDERGOING VARIOUS NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES 3) COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME 4) COMPLEX SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME 5) ANAESTHETIC AND PERIOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF CAROTID ENDARTERECTOMY AT A TERTIARY REFERRAL CENTRE 6) BILATERAL NON-REACTING PUPILS FOLLOWING SCALP INFILTRATION OF BUPIVACAINE 7) ACOUSTIC SHADOWS AND REVERBERATION ARTIFACTS CAUSED BY LEFT VENTRICULAR PACING ELECTRODE DURING TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 8) DOUBLE-ENVELOPE CONTINUOUS-WAVE DOPPLER FLOW PROFILE ACROSS A TILTING-DISC MITRAL PROSTHESIS: INTRAOPERATIVE SIGNIFICANCE 9) CARDIAC ARREST CAN OCCUR DUE TO HERNIATION OF THE HEART AFTER COMPLETION PNEUMONECTOMY FOR BRONCHIECTASIS 10) POTENTIAL ROLE OF OXYGRAPHY IN CLINICAL MONITORING

11) TRICUSPID VALVE EXCISION USING OFF-PUMP INFLOW OCCLUSION TECHNIQUE: ROLE OF INTRAOPERATIVE TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 12) INTRAOPERATIVE ARTERIAL DESATURATION DURING SELLAR AND SUPRASELLAR SURGERY 13) RETROCARDIAC SPONGE INDUCED HAEMODYNAMIC INSTABILITY IN THE POST-CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS PERIOD: DETECTION BY TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 14) MYOCARDIAL PRESERVATION DURING SURGERY FOR ALCAPA: SIMULTANEOUS ADMINISTRATION OF CARDIOPLEGIA IN AORTA AND MAIN PULMONARY ARTERY AND ROLE OF INTRAOPERATIVE TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 15) ASLEEP-AWAKE-ASLEEP TECHNIQUE USING LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY FOR OPERATIONS NEAR ELOQUENT BRAIN AREAS 16) POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA WITH CAUDAL BUPRENORPHINE IN PEDIATRIC CARDIAC SURGERY 17) CONFECTIONARY BLUE COLOUR TEST FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF ASPIRATION IN THE TRACHEOSTOMIZED PATIENT SURGERY 18) MECHANICAL VENTILATION FOR SEVERE GRID ELECTRODE INDUCED CEREBRAL OEDEMA 19) GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME IN A POSTOPERATIVE CARDIAC SURGICAL PATIENT 20) A RARE COMPLICATION OF BLUNT CHEST TRAUMA

21) AN UNUSUAL INTRA-THORACIC ANEURYSM 22) MUTIMODALITY BLOOD CONSERVATION STRATEGIES FOR MAJOR AORTIC SURGERY IN A JEHOVAS WITNESS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE 23) POST- CAESAREAN PULMONARY OEDEMA 24) PERICARDIAL CYST CAN MIMIC ENCYSTED PLEURAL EFFUSION 25) OUR EXPERIENCE IN NEUROENDOVASCULAR MANAGEMENT OF INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSMS 26) EPIDURAL ANALGESIA WITH PRESERVATIVE FREE KETAMINE FOR POSTOPERATIVE PAIN RELIEF IN PATIENTS WITH MYASTHENIA GRAVIS 27) DILATED NON-REACTING PUPILS NEED NOT INDICATE BRAIN DEATH IN HAEMORRHAGIC SHOCK 28)CONSCIOUS SEDATION AND MONITOREDANAESTHESIA CARE FOR AWAKE CRANIOTOMY WITH INTRAOPERATIVE BRAIN MAPPING/ STIMULATION 29) WHAT IS TO BE DONE WHEN AN OXYGENATOR FAILS? 30) USE OF SUBARACHNOID DRAIN TO TREAT PLEURAL EFFUSION

31) A GUIDE WIRE COMPLICATION 32) VISCERO-RENAL ANASTOMOSIS FOR MANAGEMENT OF RENOVASCULAR HYPERTENSION 33) AIRWAY MANAGEMENT DURING SURGERY ON TRACHEA 34) AORTIC ARCH ANEURYSMS 35) A SIMPLE TECHNIQUE FOR DISTAL PERFUSION DURING AORTO-CAROTID BYPASS SURGERY 36) TREATMENT OF RADIAL ARTERY SPASM 37) FLASH PULMONARY OEDEMA 38) A TECHNIQUE FOR INSERTION OF LEFT ATRIAL AND PULMONARY ARTERY CATHETERS 39) AN UNUSUAL COMPLICATION OF SPINAL ANAESTHESIA 40) LUMBAR PUNCTURE CAN PRECIPITATE BLEED FROM UNSUSPECTED INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM

41) UNUSUAL TYPES OF AORTIC COARCUATION-PERIOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT 42) ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT AND AIR EMBOLISM 43) KETAMINE FOR THYMECTOMY IN PATIENTS WITH MYASTHENIA GRAVIS 44)A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GLYCOPYRROLATE AND ATROPINE WHEN USED FOR PREMEDICATION (IN CHILDREN) AND FOR REVERSAL OF RESIDUAL NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE ALONG WITH NEOSTIGMINE (IN ADULTS) 44) MANAGEMENT OF OPEN HEART SURGERY IN A MYASTHENIA GRAVIS 45) POSTCARDIOPULMONASY BYPASS DESATURATION 46) FALL IN ARTERIAL OXYGEN TENSION IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING OPERATIVE MANIPULATIONS IN THE SELLAR AND SUPRASELLAR REGIONS 47) ANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS- OUR EXPERIENCE AT THE INSTITUTE 48) A SIMPLE REGIME FOR BLOOD CARDIOPLEGIA 49) EPICARDIAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IS COMPLIMENTARY TO TRANSTHORACIC AND TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY FOR MANAGEMENT OF MULTIPLE VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS IN INFANT 49)POST-HERPETIC NEURALGIA 50) COMPARISON OF MYOCARDIAL PERFORMANCE INDEX (MPI) WITH LEFT VENTRICULAR EJECTION FRACTION (LVEF) AS A PREDICTOR OF POSTOPERATIVE ADVERSE CARDIAC EVENTS.

51) ULTRASOUND GUIDED SYMPATHETIC BLOCK AS A TREATMENT MODALITY FOR ACUTE AS WELL AS CHRONIC ISCHEMIA OF THE UPPER LIMB 52) A CASE OF STUCK LEAFLET OF ST JUDE VALVE: ANALYSIS USING 3D TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY 53) EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF HEMODYNAMIC AND RECOVERY CHARACTERISTICS AFTER THE USE OF SEVOFLURANE (SEVOFLURANE GROUP) OR DESFLURANE (DESFLURANE GROUP) FOR MAINTENANCE OF ANAESTHESIA IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING TRANSCATHETER ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DEVICE CLOSURES IN THE CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION LABORATORY 54) . INADVERTENT INTRAVASCULAR INJECTION AND FOR PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE 55) SUBANAESTHETIC DOSES OF KETAMINE FOR PAINFUL DYSTONIA 56) A NOVEL TECHNIQUE FOR MANAGEMENT OF HEPARIN RESISTANCE???

In addition, I have mentored and co-authored 55 papers presented in National Conferences.

95 Guest Didactic & Invited lectures delivered in International/National Conferences and Continuing Medical Education Programs, Serves as National Faculty for Transesophageal Echocardiography workshops in PGIMER Chandigarh, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital Pune, and Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bengalurue

Off-Pump Bidirectional Glenn Shunt in a Patient With Abdominal Aortic Thrombosis: Anesthesia and Perioperative Echocardiographic Perspective. Joshi A, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Menon S, Sukesan S, Dash PK. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 May 15:S1053-0770(20)30405-5.

Bedside Lung Ultrasound for Postoperative Lung Conditions in Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit: Diagnostic Value and Comparison with Bedside Chest Roentgenogram. Senniappan K, Sreedhar R, Babu MSS, Dash PK, Gadhinglajkar SV, Sukesan S. Anesth Essays Res. 2019 Oct-Dec;13(4):649-653.

Diagnosis of an Additional Ventricular Septal Defect by Observing Dark Blood in Aortic Root Vent: A Case Report. Babu S, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Nemani N, Sukesan S, Baruah SD.A A Pract. 2019 Jul 15;13(2):61-64.

Residual Obstruction After Repair of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: Role of Perioperative Echocardiography. Pillai MN, Gadhinglajkar S, Menon S, Sreedhar R.A A Pract. 2019 Mar 15;12(6):215-217.

Proximal Isovelocity Surface Area Method for Diagnosing Isolated Pulmonary Vein Stenosis in a Case of Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect With Increased Pulmonary Venous Blood Flow. Babu S, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Senniappan K, G N C, Dutta Baruah S. A A Pract. 2019 Feb 15;12(4):128-130.

Ultrasound Imaging of the Inferior Vena Cava to Confirm Correct Guidewire Placement After Femoral Venous Cannulation in Critically Ill Neonates: A Case Report. G N C, Gadhinglajkar SV, Babu S, Sreedhar R, Kori NM, Kiran M.A A Pract. 2018 Aug 15;11(4):103-105.

Intraoperative Diagnosis of Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries by Transesophageal Echocardiography. Aggarwal N, Sreedhar R, Gadhinglajkar SV, Dharan BS, Babu S, Pillai MN, Menon S. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Aug;32(4):1794-1799.

Criteria for Postoperative Mechanical Ventilation After Thymectomy in Patients With Myasthenia Gravis: A Retrospective Analysis. Chigurupati K, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Nair M, Unnikrishnan M, Pillai M. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Feb;32(1):325-330.

Accidental Complete Occlusion of Innominate Artery During Deployment of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair Graft Following Hybrid Stage 1 Carotid-carotid Bypass: Is it Possible to Avert Consequences of Cerebral Ischemia? Babu S, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Kiran M, Madathipat U, Pitchai S, Kapilamoorthy TR. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Aug;32(4):1841-1847.

Posterior Aortic Root Enlargement During Aortic Valve Replacement: Role of Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography. Aggarwal N, Gadhinglajkar SV, Panicker VT, Sreedhar R, Babu S, Mathew DG, Prasannakumar CS. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Aug;31(4):1312-1317.

Multiple unruptured aortic sinus of Valsalva aneurysms: A rare presentation. Chigurupati K, Kumaresan B, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Echocardiography. 2017 Feb;34(2):317-319.

Mitral Inflow Obstruction Resulting From a Dilated Coronary Sinus: Role of Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography in Diagnosis and Surgical Repair: A Case Report. Babu S, Gadhinglajkar SV, Kumar M, Sukesan S, Dharan BS, Sreedhar R, Aggarwal N. A A Case Rep. 2017 Apr 1;8(7):164-169.

Windsock deformity of interatrial septum. Chigurupati K, Senniappan K, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Mathew T.Ann Card Anaesth. 2016 Oct-Dec;19(4):722-723.

Redo cardiac valve surgery and severe kyphoscoliosis: Anesthetic challenges. Saravana Babu MS, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Agarwal N, Gregory DM, Pillai V. Ann Card Anaesth. 2016 Jul-Sep;19(3):533-4.

Warden repair for superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect and anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in children: Anesthesia and transesophageal echocardiography perspectives. Aggarwal N, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Dharan BS, Chigurupati K, Babu S. Ann Card Anaesth. 2016 Apr-Jun;19(2):293-9.

Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery in an Infant and Adult: Intraoperative Echocardiographic Comparison. Chigurupati K, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Karunakaran J, Dharan BS. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Oct;30(5):1353-7.

Echocardiographic detection of free-floating thrombus in left ventricle during coronary artery bypass grafting. Vaggar JN, Gadhinglajkar S, Pillai V, Sreedhar R, Cahndran R, Roy S. Ann Card Anaesth. 2015 Oct-Dec;18(4):579-83.

Role of Intraoperative Real-Time Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography During Cone Procedure for Ebstein's Anomaly. Sujatha M, Gadhinglajkar S, Dharan BS, Sreedhar R. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Jan;30(1):176-8.

Pulmonary valvuloplasty for pulmonary atresia-restrictive ventricular septal defect. Reshmi LJ, Gadhinglajkar S, Mathew T, Venkateshwaran S, Sreedhar R, Dharan B. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2016 Feb;24(2):190-4.

Electrical storm: Role of stellate ganglion blockade and anesthetic implications of left cardiac sympathetic denervation. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Unnikrishnan M, Namboodiri N. Indian J Anaesth. 2013 Jul;57(4):397-400.

Plasma exchange transfusion for management of altered heparin responsiveness before cardiopulmonary bypass. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Varma P, Pal S. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013 Oct;27(5):e58-60.

Sevoflurane requirement to maintain bispectral index-guided steady-state level of anesthesia during the rewarming phase of cardiopulmonary bypass with moderate hypothermia. Chandran Mahaldar DA, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013 Feb;27(1):59-62.

Decrease in bispectral index in a patient undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Mahaldar DA, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011 Oct;25(5):e39-40.

Surgery for ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysm into right ventricular outflow tract: role of intraoperative 2D and real time 3D transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Echocardiography. 2010 Aug;27(7):E65-9.

Cardiac herniation following completion pneumonectomy for bronchiectasis. Gadhinglajkar S, Siddappa S, Sreedhar R, Madathipat U. Ann Card Anaesth. 2010 Sep-Dec;13(3):249-52.

Fixed dilatation of pupils at the end of posterior fossa surgery due to bupivacaine scalp infiltration. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Gopalkrishnan CV. Neurol India. 2010 May-Jun;58(3):497-8.

Double-envelope continuous-wave Doppler flow profile across a tilting-disc mitral prosthesis: intraoperative significance. Gadhinglajkar S, Namboodiri N, Pillai V, Sreedhar R. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011 Jun;25(3):491-4.

Unusual lesion around aortic root: identification using real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Sankarkumar R. Echocardiography. 2010 Apr;27(4):478-80.

Unusual acoustic artifacts due to left ventricular pacing electrode. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Chandranmahaldar DA. Echocardiography. 2010 Mar;27(3):359-61.

Pulsus alternans after aortic valve replacement: Intraoperative recognition and role of TEE. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Jayant A. Ann Card Anaesth. 2010 May-Aug;13(2):181-4.

Intraoperative evaluation of left atrial myxoma using real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Ann Card Anaesth. 2010 May-Aug;13(2):180-1.

Tricuspid valve excision using off-pump inflow occlusion technique: role of intra-operative trans-esophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Karunakaran J, Misra M, Somasundaram G, Mathew T. Ann Card Anaesth. 2010 May-Aug;13(2):148-53.

Case 2-2010 combined surgery for coronary artery disease, mitral stenosis, and double-chamber right ventricle. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Chandranmahaldar DA, Minhaj MM, Tempe DK. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2010 Apr;24(2):356-63.

Surgery for pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta: role of intraoperative 2-dimensional and real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2010 Oct;24(5):906-8.

Role of intraoperative echocardiography in surgical correction of the superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Jayakumar K, Misra M, Ganesh S, Mathew T. Ann Card Anaesth. 2010 Jan-Apr;13(1):59-63.

Intra-operative assessment of biventricular function using trans-esophageal echocardiography pre/post-pulmonary thromboembolectomy in patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Jayakumar K, Misra M, Ganesh S, Panicker V. Ann Card Anaesth. 2009 Jul-Dec;12(2):140-5.

Surgery for anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery: the utility of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Anesth Analg. 2009 May;108(5):1470-2.

Double chamber right ventricle in a patient with supracristal ventricular septal defect and prolapsing right coronary cusp: role of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Krishnamanohar SR, Jayant A, Bhoomkar NS. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Jun;22(6):754.e3-5.

Oxygraphy: an unexplored perioperative monitoring modality. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Unnikrishnan KP. J Clin Monit Comput. 2009 Jun;23(3):131-5.

A left ventricular-to-right atrial shunt in a patient with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect: role of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Gopalakrishnan SK, Sadiq A, Rao M, Gopal K. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2009 Oct;23(5):675-8.

Case 1--2009. Retrocardiac sponge-induced hemodynamic instability after cardiac surgery. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Jacob D, Jayakumar K, Adil S, Nagi GS, Skubas NJ, Chaney MA. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2009 Feb;23(1):102-9.

Surgical retrieval of embolised atrial septal occluder device from pulmonary artery: pathophysiology and role of the intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography. Gadhinglajkar S, Unnikrishnan KP, Sreedhar R, Kapoor MC, Neema PK. Ann Card Anaesth. 2009 Jan-Jun;12(1):40-8.

Acute cardiac tamponade during pneumonectomy. Vijayakumar A, Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Unnikrishnan M. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2009 Feb;23(1):131-2.

Utility of transoesophageal echocardiography during surgery on left atrial myxoma. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Ann Card Anaesth. 2008 Jul-Dec;11(2):142-3.

Transoesophageal echo cardiography during Senning's operation. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Ann Card Anaesth. 2008 Jul-Dec;11(2):141-2.

Transoesophageal echocardiography during surgery for atrial septal defect with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R. Ann Card Anaesth. 2008 Jul-Dec;11(2):140-1.

Experiences with carotid endarterectomy at Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute. Unnikrishnan M, Siddappa S, Anto R, Babu V, Paul B, Kapilamoorthy TR, Sivasankaran S, Sandhyamani S, Sreedhar R, Radhakrishnan K. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2008 Jul;11(3):170-8.

Anesthesia management of awake craniotomy performed under asleep-awake-asleep technique using laryngeal mask airway: report of two cases. Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Abraham M. Neurol India. 2008 Jan-Mar;56(1):65-7. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.39316. PMID: 18310841 Free article.

Delayed thrombosis of left internal jugular vein and left subclavian vein: complication related to drainage of left superior vena cava. Gadhinglajkar SV, Shyamkrishnan KG, Sreedhar R, Sonwalkar H. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2003 Dec;2(4):607-10.

Retroperitoneal hematoma: an unusual complication after femoral vein cannulation. Bodhey NK, Gupta AK, Sreedhar R, Manohar SR. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2006 Dec;20(6):859-61. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2005.12.002. Epub 2006 Apr 21.

Surgery for dysphagia lusoria caused by right aberrant subclavian artery: anesthesia perspective. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Unnikrishnan M, Varma R. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2005 Feb;19(1):86-9.

Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia after radiofrequency maze procedure: report of two cases. Dora SK, Varma PK, Parija C, Nair K, Sreedhar R, Neelakandhan KS, Tharakan J. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Feb;129(2):446-7.

Controlled aortic root perfusion: a novel method to treat refractory ventricular arrhythmias after aortic valve replacement. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Varma PK. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2004 Apr;18(2):197-200.

Carotid artery injury during transsphenoidal resection of pituitary tumor: anesthesia perspective. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sreedhar R, Bhattacharya RN. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2003 Oct;15(4):323-6.

Total mechanical alternans in postoperative aortic valve replacement. Dal A, Mamohar K, Kumar VK, Sreedhar R. Anaesth Intensive Care. 1995 Aug;23(4):513-4.

Assessment of Pulmonary Valve and Pulmonary Stenosis. A. Subramanian, Vikas Mallick, Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, January-June 2014; 2 (1): Pages 40-41.

Iatrogenic Narrowing of Inferior Vena Cava after Atrial Septal Defect Closure: The Role of Intraoperative Echocardiography. Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Pravin Lovhale, Thomas Mathew, Neerja Tapdia. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, July-December 2015; 3 (2): 48-51-41.

Stuck leaflet of St Jude Mitral prosthesis after cardiopulmonary bypass: Detection of Mechanism using intraoperative 3D Echocardiography. Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Suddhadeb Roy, Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, January-June 2014; 2 (1): Pages 43-44.

Stuck leaflet of St Jude Mitral prosthesis after cardiopulmonary bypass: Detection of Mechanism using intraoperative 3D Echocardiography. Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Suddhadeb Roy, Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, January-June 2014; 2 (1): Pages 43-44.

Precise Intelligence Guided Arm Directed Bilateral Pudendal Nerve Block: An Integration of Novelty cum Technique Accuracy. Dr. Subin Sukesan Dr. Rupa Sreedhar, Dr. Santosh Kumar Kannan, Dr. Nanda KumarNair, Dr. TR Kapilamoorthy. Journal of Recent Advances in Pain: Volume 1, Number 1: 59. .

Usefulness of Flat detector CT (FD-CT) with biplane fluoroscopy for complication avoidance during radiofrequency thermal rhizotomy for Trigeminal Neuralgia. Hariharan Venkat Iyer Easwer, Nilay Chatterjee, Ajith Thomas, Kannath santhosh, Kapilamoorthy Tirur Raman, Rupa Sreedhar. J. NeuroIntervent Surg 2015;0: 1-4

Surgical repair of partial Atrioventricular Septal defect: Role of 2D versus 3D Echocardiography. Suddhadeb Roy, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, January-June 2014; 2 (1): Pages 44.

Postoperative aortic and mitral valve replacement with ruptured para-aortic abscess: Transesophageal Echocardiography guided surgical reintervention. R. Uvaraj, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, January-June 2014; 2 (1): Pages 44-45.

Pulmonary Venous Doppler Flow Profile before and after Surgical Closure of Atrial Septal Defect in Children. Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Sabarinath Menon, S Omprakash. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography.Volume 1, Issue 2, July-December 2013 Pages No: 42-47.

Author reply to: Pulsus alternans after aortic valve replacement: A preventable yet a possible risk of cardiac manipulation - Fact or Fiction? Gadhinglajkar, S., Sreedhar Rupa. Jayant, A. Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia. 2011; 14(2): 166-167.

Carotid artery stenting: Results and long-term follow-up. Gupta A K, Purkayastha S, Kapilamoorthy T R, Nair M D, Krishnamoorthy T, Rupa S, Kesavadas C, Bodhey N K, Thomas B. Neurol India 2006;54:68-72

Transoesophageal Echocardiography Guided Extraction of Renal Cell Carcinoma Extending into Suprahepatic Inferior Vena Cava: Approach via Laparotomy. Shrinivas Vitthal Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery - Extra. July 2003, Vol 6, Issue 1; Pages 8-9.

Delayed thrombosis of left internal jugular vein and left subclavian vein: complication related to drainage of left superior vena cava. Shrinivas Vitthal Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, K.G. Shyamkrishnan, H. Sonwalkar Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 2003 Dec; Volume 2, Issue 4: 607-610.

Title of Chapter: Anesthesia for major vascular surgery Title of Textbook: Principles of Anaesthesia Editor: Satish Deshpande Publisher: Paras Medical Publishers, Hyderabad, India Year: 2007 ISBN: 13: 978-81-8191-198-8

Title of Chapter: Arrhythmias Title of Textbook: Principles of Anaesthesia Editor: Satish Deshpande Publisher: Paras Medical Publishers, Hyderabad, India Year: 2007 ISBN: 13: 978-81-8191-198-8

Corresponding author - Intraoperative Transesophageal and Postoperative Transthoracic Echocardiographic Evaluation of a Mechanical Heart Valve Prosthesis Implanted at Aortic Position. Babu S, Sreedhar R, Gadhinglajkar SV, Dash PK, Sukesan S, Pillai V, Panicker VT, Shriram LP, Aggarwal N. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Apr;32(2):782-789.

Corresponding author - Combined effect of left stellate ganglion blockade and topical administration of papaverine on left internal thoracic artery blood flow in patients undergoing coronary revascularization. Chandran R, Sreedhar R, Gadhinglajkar S, Dash P, Karunakaran J, Pillai V. Ann Card Anaesth. 2020 Apr-Jun;23(2):170-176.

Acyanotic congenital heart disease and transesophageal echocardiography. Sreedhar R. Ann Card Anaesth. 2017 Jan;20(Supplement):S36-S42. Free PMC article. Review.

Brain death and the apnea test. Sreedhar R, Thomas SV. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2009 Jul;12(3):201.

The Role of Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: Should It be an Essential Monitor in Pediatric Cardiac Surgeries? Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, July-December 2015; 3 (2):39-41

Subanesthetic doses of ketamine for painful dystonia. Rupa Sreedhar, Nilay Chatterjee,Subin Sukesan, Nanda Kumar. Journal of Recent Advances in Pain: Volume 1, Number 1: 55.

Stellate ganglion block for inadvertent intravascular injection and for peripheral vascular disease. Rupa Sreedhar, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Subin Sukesan, Nanda Kumar. Journal of Recent Advances in Pain: Volume 1, Number 1: 56. .

Foreign body in ascending aorta. Rupa Sreedhar, Roshit Chandran, Reshmi Liza Jose, VG Shrinivas, Jay Kumar, Simran. Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography, January-June 2014; 2 (1): Page 43.

Retrograde cerebral perfusion for treatment of air embolism after valve surgery. Gadhinglajkar SV, Sankar kumar R, Rupa Sreedhar. Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals 2004 Mar; 12 (1): 81-82.

Pharmacological Neuroprotection - Review article. Rupa Sreedhar, Shrinivas Vitthal Gadhinglajkar. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 2003; Volume 47 (Issue 1): 8-22.

A guide wire complication. Rupa Sreedhar, Shrinivas Vitthal Gadhinglajkar Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia 2003, Vol 6 (1); 69-70

Lumbar puncture can precipitate bleed from unsuspected intracranial aneurysm Rupa Sreedhar Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 2002; 46 (5): 386-390.

Fiberoptic intervention of the airways in ICU- Review article. Sreedhar Rupa. Asian Archives of Critical Care Medicine Volume XLV No.1, July 1996: 10-18.

Post cardiopulmonary Bypass Desaturation - Rupa Sreedhar. Journal of Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology, 1999, 15(1): 101-111.

Recent strategies for oxygenation and ventilation- A review article??? Rupa Sreedhar Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 2001; 45 (3): 168-175.

Reviewer of 1) Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia 2) The Journal of Perioperative Echocardiography 3) Current Science 4) Revista Espaola de Anestesiolog a y Reanimacin 5) Heart, Lung and Vessels 6) Neurology India 7) Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 8) Intensive Care and Cardiovascular Anesthesia 9) HSR proceedings in Intensive Care and Cardiovascular Anesthesia 10) Indian Journal of Medical Sciences